The Pros and Cons of a Static Page Layout
In terms of modern web design, a static page layout offers both advantages and disadvantages It can be easy to navigate, it can load quicker, and it may very well be easier for Google to appreciate its SEO content;however, static pages might not attract as much attention and the content will often not display correctly on mobile devices.
Employing a Liquid Page Framework
A liquid website format enables the page to fit the resolution of various screens. This is critical for those accessing the Internet via smartphones or tablets. Employing this method is often preferred due to its visual appeal and its uniformity across multiple devices.
Utilising the Benefits of an Adaptive Page Layout
Adaptive page layouts are excellent stop-gap solutions if a static page needs to be correctly displayed in a mobile device.. Another benefit is that (normally) less coding and development time are required. This is also an excellent option for sites that display rows and columns of information, as these can be automatically modified to fit the requirements of a specifically sized screen. This would not be possible with a static web design.
The Advantages of a Responsive Page Layout
A responsive page layout is essentially a combination of a liquid presentation and a responsive framework. This is an extremely flexible solution that is primarily employed with mobile phones in mind. Such a consideration will dramatically enhance the visual experience of the user and due to such inherent (and automatic) flexibility, any information is displayed much clearer. This will result in better clickthrough rates as well as better chances of client interaction with the product or service that is being offered.
Fixed vs. Fluid vs. Elastic Layout: What’s The Right One For You?, Smashing Magazine
Which Layout? Static, Liquid, Adaptive, or Responsive, Treehouse Blog